Israeli scientists turn water into oilBy Mason White 5:18 PM November 14, 2013
|Oil and water|
By: David Ross
Israeli scientists have invested a process, which turns water into oil, according to a statement released by the Ben Gurion University of the Negev.
A replacement for oil has become a burning need in the 21st century. BGU researchers have invented a process to make a green feed alternative for crude oil out of two of the most common substances on Earth – water and carbon dioxide, which is a greenhouse gas detrimental to the environment.
Prof. Moti Herskowitz, Prof. Miron Landau, Dr. Roxana Vidruk and the team at BGU’s Blechner Center for Industrial Catalysis and Process Development have developed a green feed that can be converted using well-established technologies into liquid fuel and delivered using existing infrastructure to gas stations.
As opposed to other alternative fuel sources, such as electric cars, which require additional infrastructure, this green feed would merely replace oil as the input for refineries. Herskowitz, the incumbent of the Israel Cohen Chair in Chemical Engineering, is also the VP & Dean of R&D at BGU.
The process is patent pending, “and we are ready to take off,” demonstrate and commercialize it, asserts Herskowitz. Bench experiments have been conducted and scale-up should be relatively simple, he says.
Herskowitz unveiled his revolutionary breakthrough at the Bloomberg Fuel Choices Summit in Tel Aviv on Wednesday, November 13th. He gave his presentation at 2:15 p.m.
“It is an extraordinary challenge to convert carbon dioxide and hydrogen to green feed,” he says, “The technology is based on novel specially tailored catalysts and catalytic processes. Well-established, commercially available technology can be directly applied to the process developed at BGU.
It is envisaged that the short-term implementation of the process will combine synthetic gas produced from various renewable and alternative sources with carbon dioxide and hydrogen. Since there are no foreseen technological barriers, the new process should become a reality within five to ten years,” he says.
Noting that Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has made it clear that one of the national priorities of the State of Israel is to develop alternatives to oil, Herskowitz believes that, “As technological breakthroughs, such as carbon dioxide capture from various sources including air and water splitting, become technologically and economically feasible, this process will become the dominant technology for production of liquid fuels.”
Regarding other alternative fuels, Herskowitz maintains that his invention represents a game-changer. “The liquids that have been used over the past decade are ethanol (alcohol), biodiesel and/or blends of these fuels with conventional fuels, as will continue to be done in the foreseeable future.
These alternatives are, however, far from ideal, and there is a pressing need for a game-changing approach to produce alternative drop-in liquid transportation fuels by sustainable, technologically viable and environmentally acceptable (in terms of GHG emission) processes from abundant, low-cost, renewable materials,” he says.
The Blechner Center for Industrial Catalysis and Process Development has a proven track record of commercializing applications from its basic research.
It developed the Aleol product line of fine aroma chemical products which Makhteshim-Agan has set up Negev Aroma at Neot Hovav to produce.
The Blechner Center for Industrial Catalysis and Process Development, founded in 1995 has developed the infrastructure and the expertise required to deal with a wide variety of challenging topics related to basic and applied aspects of catalysis and catalytic processes. This was accomplished with major funding of well over $14,000,000 from various sources such as science foundations and industrial partners.
The Blechner Center played a key role in the Center of Excellence funded by the Israel Science Foundation, participated in three different programs of the European Framework Programs and is part of the I-CORE program in renewable fuels.
Researchers at the Blechner Center have developed a novel process for converting vegetable and algae oils to advanced green diesel and jet fuels and a novel process for producing zero-sulfur diesel.